Similarities and differences between actigraphy and parent-reported sleep in a Hispanic and non-Hispanic White sample

Longfeng Li, Connor M. Sheehan, Carlos Valiente, Nancy Eisenberg, Leah D. Doane, Tracy L. Spinrad, Sarah K. Johns, Anjolii Diaz, Rebecca H. Berger, Jody Southworth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Objective: Despite concerns about the inaccuracy of parents' reports of children's sleep, it remains unclear whether the bias of parents' reports varies across racial/ethnic groups. To address this limitation, the current study systematically investigated the concordance among parent-reported sleep questionnaires, sleep diaries, and actigraphy-based sleep in a sample of Hispanic and non-Hispanic White children. Methods: Parents of 51 Hispanic and 38 non-Hispanic White children (N = 89; Mage = 6.46, SD = 0.62; 50.6% male) reported their child's bedtime and wake time on school days using sleep diaries and questionnaires. Children's sleep also was assessed with actigraphy for five consecutive school days. Results: Parents reported longer sleep duration, earlier bedtime, and later wake time using sleep diaries and questionnaires compared to actigraphy-based assessments. Larger discrepancies between diaries and actigraphy of sleep duration, and between questionnaires and actigraphy of wake time were found in non-Hispanic White children, compared to Hispanic children. Conclusions: Although parents tended to overestimate their child's sleep as compared to actigraphy, parents of Hispanic children may be more accurate in some estimates of children's sleep than parents of non-Hispanic White children. Researchers, clinicians, and parents should be aware of the potential biases in parents' reports and estimates of their child's sleep and that the degree of bias could vary across racial/ethnic groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)160-167
Number of pages8
JournalSleep Medicine
StatePublished - Jul 2021


  • Actigraphy
  • Hispanic
  • Parent report
  • Sleep diary
  • Sleep questionnaire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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