Relations of temperament to maladjustment and Ego resiliency in at-risk children

Nancy Eisenberg, Rg Haugen, Tracy Spinrad, Claire Hofer, Laurie Chassin, Qing Zhou, Anne Kupfer, Cynthia L. Smith, Carlos Valiente, Jeffrey Liew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


The relations of control/regulation-related temperamentally based dispositions (effortful control (EC), impulsivity, and approach/avoidance) to externalizing problems and personality ego resiliency were examined in a sample of 467 children (M age = 7.46 years), some of whom were children of alcoholics (COAs). In addition, we examined if the relations of temperamental regulation/control to maladjustment/ego resiliency were moderated by COA status or sex of the child. In general, regulated, controlled temperament was negatively related to externalizing problems and EC was positively related to ego resiliency. Relations between a problematic temperament and externalizing problems were stronger and sometimes only found for COAs, especially male COAs. Ego resiliency was positively related to high father-reported approach for boys who were not sons of alcoholics. In addition, COA status was related to high impulsivity, approach behavior, and externalizing problems and low EC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)577-600
Number of pages24
JournalSocial Development
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2010


  • Adjustment
  • Children of alcoholics
  • Emotion regulation
  • Temperament

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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