Recurrence analysis of friction based dry-couplant ultrasonic Lamb waves in plate-like structures

Sina Zamen, Ehsan Dehghan-Niri, Mahdi Ilami, Vijay Anand Senthilkumar, Hamidreza Marvi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


In this study, the effect of friction on the generation of dry-coupled Lamb waves is experimentally investigated. Recurrence analysis is performed to analyze the complex behavior of friction based dry-coupled Lamb waves. In particular, the effect of the normal force, which is necessary for a stronger dry-coupled Lamb wave generation and the friction, on the transmission of mechanical energy and determinism characteristics of Lamb waves are investigated. The results verify that larger friction coefficient and friction force are crucial for generation and propagation of strong Lamb waves supporting the fact that the main mechanism to transfer mechanical energy using dry-couplant is friction. The sensitivity of Lamb waves to the friction coefficient, highlights the importance of designing specific pads with respect to condition of the surface. Besides, the results show that the normal force and friction coefficient can change the determinism characteristics behavior of multimode Lamb waves. Furthermore, it is shown that the determinism value is sensitive to the friction coefficient and normal force. A similar trend is observed in the determinism values and friction coefficient. In general, a smaller friction coefficient indicates smaller determinism value. Additionally, it is shown that a normal load can change the behavior of a system, as observed from recurrence plots, owing to changes in the Lamb waves trajectories in the phase-space domain. In addition, it is shown that recurrence plots enable the detection of mode transitions in multimode Lamb waves. Recurrence analysis is a complementary tool to frequency domain methods for accurate analysis of multimode Lamb waves behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106635
StatePublished - Mar 2022


  • Determinism
  • Friction
  • Guided waves
  • Lamb waves
  • Recurrence analysis
  • Recurrence plots

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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