Parental childrearing attitudes as correlates of father involvement during infancy

Bridget M. Gaertner, Tracy Spinrad, Nancy Eisenberg, Karissa A. Greving

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


Using daily diary data to document involvement with infants at 6 - 8 months of age (n = 142) and 6 months later (n = 95), we examined relations between reported childrearing attitudes and resident fathers' relative (as compared to mothers') involvement with children. Fathers' authoritarian views related negatively to their relative involvement on weekdays, and this relation held over time for caregiving and playing activities. Mothers' protective attitudes had concurrent negative associations with fathers' relative weekend involvement. Findings suggest that fathers' authoritarian and mothers' protective attitudes relate to how parenting responsibilities are shared within families and may be detrimental to how much fathers become, or choose to become, directly involved in the care of their infants in comparison to mothers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)962-976
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Marriage and Family
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2007


  • Father-child relations
  • Fatherhood
  • Fathers
  • Infancy
  • Parenting styles
  • Time diary methods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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