Local structural studies of TiSi2 and ZrSi2 thin films on Si(111) surfaces

Y. Dao, A. M. Edwards, D. E. Sayers, R. J. Nemanich

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations


This study explores the local structures of TiSi2 and ZrSi2 films on Si. The strain effect on the surface morphologies and phase stability of the films is investigated. Titanium silicide and zirconium silicide films were fabricated on atomically clean Si(111) substrates in UHV using electron gun evaporation followed by in situ annealing. A quantitative X-ray absorption spectroscopy analysis was performed to study the formation of epitaxial TiSi2 and ZrSi2 films on the Si surfaces, as well as the phase transition of TiSi2 from the metastable C49 structure to the stable C54 structure. The surface morphologies and the surface roughness of the films were studied using atomic force microscopy (AFM). The strains of these films were determined by comparing the calculated bond lengths with the measured bond lengths using the extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) technique. The final stable C54 structure of TiSi2 has less strain than the initially formed metastable C49 phase. While the surface and interface free energies and the bulk free energy are critical to the structural formations and phase changes of the films, the energy associated with the lattice strain is another important factor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSilicides, Germanides, and Their Interfaces
EditorsRobert W. Fathauer, Siegfried Mantl, Leo J. Schowalter, K.N. Tu
PublisherPubl by Materials Research Society
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)1558992197
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1993 Fall Meeting of the Materials Research Society - Boston, MA, USA
Duration: Nov 29 1993Dec 2 1993

Publication series

NameMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings
ISSN (Print)0272-9172


OtherProceedings of the 1993 Fall Meeting of the Materials Research Society
CityBoston, MA, USA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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