International Approaches to Whole-of-School Physical Activity Promotion

Jaimie McMullen, Déirdre Ní Chróinín, Tuija Tammelin, Małgorzata Pogorzelska, Hans Van Der Mars

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


Increasing physical activity opportunities in schools has emerged as a global priority among school-aged youth. As a result, many countries have designed and implemented whole-of-school physical activity initiatives that seek to increase physical activity opportunities that are available to school-aged children before, during, and after school. Considering the comprehensive school physical activity program conceptual framework, this article includes a discussion of the initiatives from four countries: Finland (Finnish Schools on the Move), Ireland (Active School Flag), Poland (PE with Class), and the United States (Let’s Move Active Schools). Background information, implementation strategies, best practices, development opportunities, and relevant research from each country will be presented. Exploring different perspectives sheds some light on the international landscape relative to whole-of-school physical activity promotion and provides direction for future and continued research and practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)384-399
Number of pages16
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2 2015


  • CSPAP conceptual framework
  • Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program (CSPAP)
  • international
  • physical activity initiatives
  • whole-of-school physical activity promotion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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