Elementary Teachers’ Perceptions of a Comprehensive, Integrated, Three-Tiered Model of Prevention

Holly M. Menzies, Wendy Peia Oakes, Kathleen Lynne Lane, David James Royer, Emily D. Cantwell, Eric Alan Common, Mark Buckman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


This study examined perceptions of teachers who implemented a tiered system of support, the comprehensive, integrated, three-tiered (Ci3T) model of prevention. We reported findings of four focus groups with a total of 18 elementary teachers who implemented Ci3T for 2 years. While the Ci3T model comprised elements addressing academics, behavior, and social-emotional learning, teachers were predominately concerned with issues related to students’ behavior. Teachers reported difficulty moving from reactive to proactive classroom management approaches theoretically grounded in behavioral principles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-219
Number of pages13
JournalRemedial and Special Education
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2021


  • behavior management
  • legal/policy issues
  • qualitative research
  • whole-school interventions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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