Development of a team interaction observation protocol and a self-efficacy survey using social cognitive theory as a framework

Senay Yasar Purzer, Dale Baker, Chell Roberts, Stephen Krause

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


In this paper, we present the development of two instruments designed to determine what student team interactions relate to self-efficacy and achievement. The social-cognitive theory constitutes the theoretical framework for the development of the instruments. Seven first-year engineering student teams participated in this study. Students took the self-efficacy survey and were video and audio-recorded during a semester. The first instrument created was a survey that measures engineering self-efficacy. Construct validity of this survey was established by correlating it with students' achievement scores. The internal consistency of the self-efficacy survey is 0.9. The content validity of both instruments was established by a comprehensive literature review and feedback from a panel of experts. The second instrument is an observation protocol designed to capture team oral discourses that occur when solving engineering design problems. Thirty-five discourse moves were established through an iterative process of code development and refinement. These moves were grouped under six discourse categories: task-oriented, response-oriented, learning-oriented, support-oriented, challenge-oriented, and disruptive. The results show that achievement and gain in self-efficacy are significantly correlated. There is also a positive correlation between support-orientated discourse and post self-efficacy scores. Negative correlations are observed between disruptive discourse behaviors and post self-efficacy scores. Discussion includes recommendations for engineering educators on how to help teams build supportive environments and what to look for when evaluating student team interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalASEE Annual Conference and Exposition, Conference Proceedings
StatePublished - 2008
Event2008 ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition - Pittsburg, PA, United States
Duration: Jun 22 2008Jun 24 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering


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