Consistency and change in children's emotionality and regulation: A longitudinal study

Bridget C. Murphy, Nancy Eisenberg, Richard A. Fabes, Stephanie A. Shepard, Ivanna K. Guthrie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

150 Scopus citations


Using a longitudinal data set of children aged 4-6, 6-8, 8-10, and 10-12, consistency and change in teachers' and parents' reports of emotionality and regulation were examined. In general, there was considerable interindividual (correlational) consistency in emotionality and regulation, with attentional control increasing in consistency over time. Intensity of emotion (and parent-reported negative emotionality) and girls' impulsivity decreased in mean level with age whereas regulation (particularly behavioral regulation) increased over time. The findings generally were consistent with developmental trends discussed, but not often demonstrated longitudinally, in the developmental literature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)413-444
Number of pages32
JournalMerrill-Palmer Quarterly
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'Consistency and change in children's emotionality and regulation: A longitudinal study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this