Changing school physical activity: An Examination of Individual School Designed Programs

Pamela Kulinna, Timothy Brusseau, Donetta Cothran, Catrine Tudor-Locke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


This study guided by a health ecology conceptual framework evaluated four "bottom-up" Physical Activity (PA) interventions with school personnel planning for their own health ecology with state level support for one year. Students (N = 616) were from four schools in the Southwestern USA in the 3rd-8th grade. Participants had various ethnic backgrounds (e.g., Hispanic 44%, Caucasian 43%) and wore a pedometer for five school days pre/post intervention. Teacher and school level data were also reported by schools. Program components varied across the four intervention sites. Paired samples t test results showed that three of the four intervention schools significantly increased both school day and 24 hr PA. School personnel reported significantly more favorable results at post test for nurse visits, student absences, and classroom teachers' use of PA breaks. Using a health ecology lens, when schools develop their own PA intervention and have "buy in" from staff, significant increases in PA are attainable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-130
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Teaching in Physical Education
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2012


  • Ecological
  • Healthy and active schools
  • Physical education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Education
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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