Advances in the molecular dynamics flexible fitting method for cryo-EM modeling

Ryan McGreevy, Ivan Teo, Abhishek Singharoy, Klaus Schulten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations


Molecular Dynamics Flexible Fitting (MDFF) is an established technique for fitting all-atom structures of molecules into corresponding cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) densities. The practical application of MDFF is simple but requires a user to be aware of and take measures against a variety of possible challenges presented by each individual case. Some of these challenges arise from the complexity of a molecular structure or the limited quality of available structural models and densities to be interpreted, while others stem from the intricacies of MDFF itself. The current article serves as an overview of the strategies that have been developed since MDFF's inception to overcome common challenges and successfully perform MDFF simulations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)50-60
Number of pages11
StatePublished - May 1 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Cryo-electron microscopy
  • Molecular dynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


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