Academic outcomes among principal investigators, co-principal investigators, and non-PI researchers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Faculty at research universities are evaluated on a number of productivity measures including their ability to conduct research, teach, and engage in service. Research outcomes include publishing research results and acquiring grants and contracts to conduct additional research. While it is assumed that researchers who are awarded grants are more likely to publish research results, there is little research investigating the ways in which grants affect outcomes or how principal investigators differ from researchers who do not hold research grants or those who are co-principal investigators. This research seeks to understand if principal investigators are more or less productive than co-principal investigators and those who do not have grants, and if so, what explains that variation in productivity. It also examines whether women PIs are more or less productive than men PIs. This research uses longitudinal data drawn from an NSF funded survey of academic scientists in Carnegie-designated Research I universities in six fields: biology, chemistry, computer science, earth and atmospheric sciences, electrical engineering, and physics. From this national random sample of men and women scientists and engineers we investigate whether there is variation in the production of outcomes (e.g. publications, teaching, and training graduate students) among PIs, co-PIs, and other researchers. Findings show that productivity and outcomes vary significantly for PIs, co-PIs and by sex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-133
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Technology Transfer
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Academic outcomes
  • Academic productivity
  • Co-Principal Investigators
  • Principal Investigators
  • Publications
  • Universities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Accounting
  • Engineering(all)


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