A structural equation model of the writing process in typically-developing sixth grade children

Anthony D. Koutsoftas, Shelley Gray

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    21 Scopus citations


    The purpose of this study was to evaluate how sixth grade children planned, translated, and revised written narrative stories using a task reflecting current instructional and assessment practices. A modified version of the Hayes and Flower (1980) writing process model was used as the theoretical framework for the study. Two hundred one sixth-grade students participated in a three-day writing task. On the first day they generated ideas for their story, on the second day they produced a first draft, and on the third day they revised their draft to produce a final copy. Scores from each day's writing were used as measured variables representing the latent variables of planning, translating, and revising. Confirmatory structural equation modeling results suggested that the latent variable of planning had a moderate relationship to translating and that translating had a stronger than expected relationship with revising. Significant paths between measured and latent variables demonstrated the relative contribution of skills towards the writing process. The approach used in this study highlighted the linear manner in which intermediate grade children write. Findings suggest that planning had a direct effect on translating, but no direct effect on revising. There was a strong relationship between translating and revising, suggesting few differences between students' first and final drafts.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)941-966
    Number of pages26
    JournalReading and Writing
    Issue number6
    StatePublished - Jul 2013


    • Assessment
    • Children
    • Planning
    • Revising
    • Writing
    • Writing process

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
    • Education
    • Linguistics and Language
    • Speech and Hearing


    Dive into the research topics of 'A structural equation model of the writing process in typically-developing sixth grade children'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this