Cross-Theoretical Compliance: An Integrative Compliance Analysis of COVID-19 Mitigation Responses in Israel

  • Anne Leonore de Bruijn (Creator)
  • Yuval Feldman (Creator)
  • Christopher P.Reinders Folmer (Creator)
  • Malouke E. Kuiper (Creator)
  • Megan A. Brownlee (Creator)
  • Emmeke B. Kooistra (Creator)
  • Elke H. Olthuis (Creator)
  • Adam Fine (Creator)
  • Benjamin van Rooij (Creator)



To understand the question why people obey or break rules, different approaches have focused on different theories and subsets of variables. The present research develops a cross-theoretical approach that integrates these perspectives. We apply this in a survey of compliance with COVID-19 pandemic mitigation rules in Israel. The data reveal that compliance in this setting was shaped by a combination of variables originating from legitimacy-, capacity-, and opportunity theories (but not rational choice or social theories). This demonstrates the importance of moving beyond narrow theoretical perspectives of compliance, to a cross-theoretical understanding—in which different theoretical approaches are systematically integrated.
Date made available2022
PublisherSAGE Journals

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