Cross-Theoretical Compliance: An Integrative Compliance Analysis of COVID-19 Mitigation Responses in Israel

Anne Leonore de Bruijn, Yuval Feldman, Christopher P. Reinders Folmer, Malouke E. Kuiper, Megan Brownlee, Emmeke Kooistra, Elke Olthuis, Adam Fine, Benjamin van Rooij

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


To understand the question why people obey or break rules, different approaches have focused on different theories and subsets of variables. The present research develops a cross-theoretical approach that integrates these perspectives. We apply this in a survey of compliance with COVID-19 pandemic mitigation rules in Israel. The data reveal that compliance in this setting was shaped by a combination of variables originating from legitimacy, capacity, and opportunity theories (but not rational choice or social theories). This demonstrates the importance of moving beyond narrow theoretical perspectives of compliance, to a cross-theoretical understanding—in which different theoretical approaches are systematically integrated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)635-670
Number of pages36
JournalAdministration and Society
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • COVID-19
  • Israel
  • capacity to comply
  • compliance
  • compliance theory
  • deterrence
  • impulsivity
  • legitimacy
  • lockdown
  • mitigation measures
  • negative emotions
  • obligation to obey the law
  • opportunity to violate
  • procedural justice
  • public health
  • punishment
  • rational choice theory
  • social distancing
  • social norms
  • stay-at-home measures
  • strain theory
  • trust in science

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Public Administration
  • Marketing


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