Yttria-stabilized zirconia crystallization in Al 2O 3/YSZ multilayers

Nihan Kemik, Sergey V. Ushakov, Meng Gu, Nicole Schichtel, Carsten Korte, Nigel D. Browning, Yayoi Takamura, Alexandra Navrotsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ)/Al 2O 3 multilayers deposited on Pt foil were studied by differential scanning calorimetry. Observed thermal effects were interpreted using additional evidence from x-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. The crystallization temperature of YSZ increases from 344 to 404 °C as the layer thickness decreases from 15 to 4 nm. The enthalpy of crystallization becomes more exothermic with decreasing thickness, and it was measured to be -26 kJ/mol YSZ for 4-nm-thick layers and -12 kJ/mol for 15-nm-thick layers. The latter value is consistent with the reported crystallization enthalpy for YSZ powder of the same composition prepared by precipitation from aqueous solution. The more exothermic crystallization enthalpies for thinner films are indicative of a decrease in their degree of crystallinity. The 2-6-nm-thick Al 2O 3 layers remain amorphous when heated to 1000 °C. The described methodology enables thermal analysis of oxide thin films using commercial instruments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)939-943
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Issue number6
StatePublished - Mar 28 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Calorimetry
  • Film
  • Phase transformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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