X-ray holography with a customizable reference

Andrew V. Martin, Adrian J. D'Alfonso, Fenglin Wang, Richard Bean, Flavio Capotondi, Richard A. Kirian, Emmanuele Pedersoli, Lorenzo Raimondi, Francesco Stellato, Chun Hong Yoon, Henry N. Chapman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


In X-ray Fourier-transform holography, images are formed by exploiting the interference pattern between the X-rays scattered from the sample and a known reference wave. To date, this technique has only been possible with a limited set of special reference waves. We demonstrate X-ray Fourier-transform holography with an almost unrestricted choice for the reference wave, permitting experimental geometries to be designed according to the needs of each experiment and opening up new avenues to optimize signal-to-noise and resolution. The optimization of holographic references can aid the development of holographic techniques to meet the demands of resolution and fidelity required for single-shot imaging applications with X-ray lasers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number4661
JournalNature communications
StatePublished - Aug 22 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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