Word Identification in Reading and the Promise of Subsymbolic Psycholinguistics

Guy C. Van Orden, Bruce F. Pennington, Greg Stone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

458 Scopus citations


The vast literature concerning printed word identification either contradicts or provides ambiguous support for each of the central hypotheses of dual-process theory, the most widely accepted theory of printed word identification. In contrast, clear, positive support exists for an alternative subsymbolic approach that includes a central role for the process of phonologic coding. This subsymbolic account is developed around a covariant learning hypothesis, derived from a design principle common to current learning algorithms within the subsymbolic paradigm. Where this hypothesis applies, and it may apply broadly, it predicts a common empirical profile of development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)488-522
Number of pages35
JournalPsychological review
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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