WISER Survivor Trial: Combined Effect of Exercise and Weight Loss Interventions on Inflammation in Breast Cancer Survivors

Kathleen M. Sturgeon, Justin C. Brown, Dorothy D. Sears, David B. Sarwer, Kathryn H. Schmitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose Physical inactivity and obesity increase risk for breast cancer recurrence and cardiovascular death; inflammation is hypothesized to mediate these associations. Methods In a four-arm randomized controlled trial, 318 breast cancer survivors with overweight or obesity were randomized to exercise alone, weight loss alone, exercise plus weight loss, or control for 12 months. Inflammation outcomes included C-reactive protein (CRP), serum amyloid A (SAA), intracellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1). Results Compared with control, exercise alone increased ICAM-1 (9.3%; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.6-16.9) and VCAM-1 (8.6%; 95% CI = 2.6-14.5) but did not change CRP or SAA. Compared with control, weight loss alone reduced CRP (-35.2%; 95% CI = -49.9 to -20.7), and SAA (-25.6%; 95% CI = -39.8 to -11.9) but did not change ICAM-1 or VCAM-1. Compared with control, exercise plus weight loss reduced CRP (-44.1%; 95% CI = -57.1 to -31.1) and SAA (-26.6%; 95% CI = -40.5 to -12.6) but did not change ICAM-1 or VCAM-1. Among 194 participants with elevated CRP at baseline (e.g., >3 mg·L-1), compared with control, weight loss alone (0.17; 95% CI = 0.04-0.30) and exercise plus weight loss (0.31; 95% CI = 0.16-0.46) increased the probability of achieving normal CRP at month 12. In analyses that consolidated randomized groups, body weight and adiposity reductions, but not change in fitness level, correlated with decreased CRP, SAA, and ICAM-1 levels. Conclusions In breast cancer survivors with overweight or obesity, weight loss or exercise plus weight loss reduced measures of inflammation that are associated with breast cancer recurrence and cardiovascular death.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)209-215
Number of pages7
JournalMedicine and science in sports and exercise
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2023

Keywords

  • ADIPOSITY
  • BIOMARKERS
  • BREAST NEOPLASMS
  • INFLAMMATION
  • NEOPLASM RECURRENCE
  • OBESITY

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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