Wind Power Dispatch Margin for Flexible Energy and Reserve Scheduling with Increased Wind Generation

Mojgan Hedayati-Mehdiabadi, Junshan Zhang, Kory Hedman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

79 Scopus citations


With the significant penetration of wind generation, the variability and uncertainty of wind energy poses new challenges to power system operations. In particular, more rapid reserve is required, which may result in the scarcity of balancing services. With the increasing penetration of renewable generation, it is envisaged that renewable resources will be required to partake in the system balancing tasks. In this paper, a combined flexible dispatch and reserve scheduling policy is proposed by determining a flexible wind dispatch margin. In order to provide a flexible dispatch margin, wind generators underschedule in the hour-ahead energy market, so as to hold some expected output for reserves. Additional wind energy is then available for mitigating forecast errors and other system uncertainties. This paper presents a framework to find the optimal policy to incorporate the flexible wind dispatch margin into the hour-ahead market. A finite-state Markov chain wind power forecast model, based on spatiooral analysis, is utilized. The presented framework is used to find the appropriate level of wind dispatch margin. The proposed approach is tested and the wind generation data are used to analyze the effectiveness of the presented model in coping with forecast errors and achieving a more secure system operation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7202870
Pages (from-to)1543-1552
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2015


  • Economic dispatch
  • Wind generation integration
  • power generation economics
  • power system reliability
  • reserve scheduling
  • stochastic optimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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