Why rare-earth ferromagnets are so rare: Insights from the p -wave Kondo model

Shadab Ahamed, Roderich Moessner, Onur Erten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Magnetic exchange in Kondo lattice systems is of the Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida type, whose sign depends on the Fermi wave vector kF. In the simplest setting, for small kF, the interaction is predominately ferromagnetic, whereas it turns more antiferromagnetic with growing kF. It is remarkable that even though kF varies vastly among the rare-earth systems, an overwhelming majority of lanthanide magnets are in fact antiferromagnets. To address this puzzle, we investigate the effects of a p-wave form factor for the Kondo coupling pertinent to nearly all rare-earth intermetallics. We show that this leads to interference effects which for small kF are destructive, greatly reducing the size of the RKKY interaction in the cases where ferromagnetism would otherwise be strongest. By contrast, for large kF, constructive interference can enhance antiferromagnetic exchange. Based on this, we propose a route for designing ferromagnetic rare-earth magnets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number054420
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number5
StatePublished - Aug 21 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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