When target motion matters: Doppler coverage in radar sensor networks

Xiaowen Gong, Junshan Zhang, Douglas Cochran

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

15 Scopus citations


Radar sensors, which actively transmit radio waves and collect RF energy scattered by objects in the environment, offer a number of advantages over purely passive sensors. An important issue in radar is that the transmitted energy may be scattered by objects that are not of interest as well as objects of interest (e.g., targets). The detection performance of radar systems is affected by such clutter as well as noise. Further, in many applications, clutter can be substantially stronger than the signals of interest. To combat the effect of clutter, a popular method is to take advantage of the Doppler frequency shift (DFS) extracted from the echo signal due to the relative motion of a target with respect to the radar. Unfortunately, a sensor coverage model that only depends on the distance to a target would fail to capture the DFS. In this paper, we set forth the concept of Doppler coverage for a network of spatially distributed radars. Specifically, a target is said to be Doppler-covered if, regardless of its direction of motion, there exists some radar in the network whose signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is sufficiently high and the DFS at that radar is sufficiently large. Based on the Doppler coverage model, we first propose an efficient method to characterize Doppler-covered regions for arbitrarily deployed radars. Then we design an algorithm for deriving the minimum radar density required to achieve Doppler coverage in a region under any polygonal deployment pattern, and further apply it to investigate the regular triangle based deployment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2013 Proceedings IEEE INFOCOM 2013
Number of pages9
StatePublished - Sep 2 2013
Event32nd IEEE Conference on Computer Communications, IEEE INFOCOM 2013 - Turin, Italy
Duration: Apr 14 2013Apr 19 2013

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE INFOCOM
ISSN (Print)0743-166X


Other32nd IEEE Conference on Computer Communications, IEEE INFOCOM 2013


  • Doppler effect
  • critical sensor density
  • deterministic deployment
  • radar sensor network

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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