Visualizing multiracial identity development

Kelly Faye Jackson, Sarah Yang Mumma

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    2 Scopus citations


    Despite astonishing growth in the multiracial population since 2010 and increased empirical scholarship on the experiences of persons from two or more racial groups, little progress has been made to extend multiracial identity development theory. Drawing from constructivist grounded theory and multiple visual grounded theory (VGT) frameworks, our secondary qualitative study analyzed 26 participatory diagrams from two previous qualitative studies examining multiracial identity development. In alignment with our novel VGT analytic approach, we co-constructed a visual theoretical model that more accurately represents the dynamism between complex developmental and ecological processes that interactively influence multiracial identity development over time. Our findings suggest that multiracial identity development is a dynamic process influenced by critical events and experiences, including trauma and abuse, movement of place, and turning points and milestones that mutually shape a multiracial person’s social environments, interpersonal relationships, and sense of self. Reflecting on our innovative study, we advocate for more critical, emancipatory methods like VGT that have the potential to overcome epistemological barriers in research that restrict the more accurate and complete storytelling of the multiracial experience.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    JournalQualitative Social Work
    StateAccepted/In press - 2022


    • constructivist grounded theory
    • multiracial identity development
    • participatory diagrams
    • qualitative
    • visual grounded theory

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Health(social science)
    • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


    Dive into the research topics of 'Visualizing multiracial identity development'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this