Validation of the dyadic coping inventory with chinese couples: Factorial structure, measurement invariance, and construct validity

Feng Xu, Peter Hilpert, Ashley Randall, Qiuping Li, Guy Bodenmann

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    66 Scopus citations


    The Dyadic Coping Inventory (DCI, Bodenmann, 2008) assesses how couples support each other when facing individual (e.g., workload) and common (e.g., parenting) stressors. Specifically, the DCI measures partners' perceptions of their own (Self) and their partners' behaviors (Partner) when facing individual stressors, and partners' common coping behaviors when facing common stressors (Common). To date, the DCI has been validated in 6 different languages from individualistic Western cultures; however, because culture can affect interpersonal interactions, it is unknown whether the DCI is a reliable measure of coping behaviors for couples living in collectivistic Eastern cultures. Based on data from 474 Chinese couples (N = 948 individuals), the current study examined the Chinese version of the DCI's factorial structure, measurement invariance (MI), and construct validity of test scores. Using 3 cultural groups (China, Switzerland, and the United States [U.S.]), confirmatory factor analysis revealed a 5-factor structure regarding Self and Partner and a 2-factor structure regarding Common dyadic coping (DC). Results from analyses of MI indicated that the DCI subscales met the criteria for configural, metric, and full/partial scalar invariance across cultures (Chinese-Swiss and Chinese-U.S.) and genders (Chinese men and women). Results further revealed good construct validity of the DCI test scores. In all, the Chinese version of the DCI can be used for measuring Chinese couples' coping behaviors, and is available for cross-cultural studies examining DC behaviors between Western and Eastern cultures.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)e127-e140
    JournalPsychological Assessment
    Issue number8
    StatePublished - Aug 1 2016


    • Chinese couples
    • Construct validity
    • Dyadic coping
    • Factorial structure
    • Measurement invariance

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Clinical Psychology
    • Psychiatry and Mental health


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