Valence electron energy-loss spectroscopy study of ZrSiO4 and ZrO2

Nan Jiang, John Spence

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


ZrSiO4 (zircon) and m-ZrO2 (zirconia) are fundamental and industrially important materials. This work reports the detailed valence electron energy-loss spectroscopy (VEELS) studies of these compounds. The dielectric response functions, as well as single-electron interband transition spectra, are derived from VEELS data for both ZrSiO4 and m-ZrO2, in the range 5-50eV using the Kramers-Kronig analysis method. Our interpretation of the interband transitions is given with the aid of ab initio calculations of density of states. The bandgap energies for both materials are also measured using VEELS. The surface and bulk plasmons are identified: the surface plasmon peaks locate at around 12eV, and two bulk plasmon peaks are ~15-16eV and ~25-27eV, respectively. Although similarities in the VEELS exist between ZrSiO4 and m-ZrO2, two major differences are also noticed and explained in terms of composition and structure differences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)68-76
Number of pages9
StatePublished - Nov 2013


  • Dielectric function
  • Energy-loss spectroscopy
  • Kramers-Kronig
  • Valence electrons
  • Zirconia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Instrumentation


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