University R&D and firm productivity: Evidence from Italy

Giuseppe Medda, Claudio Piga, Donald S. Siegel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Ed Mansfield wrote several papers on the private returns to basic research (e.g. Mansfield, 1980) and the influence of academic research on industrial innovation (e.g. Mansfield, 1991). We extend this line of research by assessing the impact of university research on total factor productivity growth of Italian manufacturing firms. The econometric analysis is based on reduced-form estimation of the R&D capital stock model, including controls for two potential sources of sample selection bias, as proposed by Crepon et al (1998) and Piga and Vivarelli (2004). Our results suggest that while there are positive returns to collaborative research with other firms, collaborative research with universities does not appear to directly stimulate productivity. We interpret this result as consistent with recent evidence (e.g. Hall et al 2001, 2003) suggesting that firms engage in collaborative research with universities when appropriability conditions are weak.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-205
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Technology Transfer
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Dec 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Sample selection bias
  • Total factor productivity
  • University R&D

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Accounting
  • General Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'University R&D and firm productivity: Evidence from Italy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this