Universe from bit

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

24 Scopus citations


I refute it thus!” Samuel Johnson famously dismissed Bishop George Berkeley's argument for the unreality of matter by kicking a large stone (Boswell, 1823). In the light of modern physics, however, Johnson's simple reasoning evaporates. Apparently solid matter is revealed, on closer inspection, to be almost all empty space, and the particles of which matter is composed are themselves ghostly patterns of quantum energy, mere excitations of invisible quantum fields, or possibly vibrating loops of string living in a ten-dimensional space–time (Greene, 1999). The history of physics is one of successive abstractions from daily experience and common sense, into a counterintuitive realm of mathematical forms and relationships, with a link to the stark sense data of human observation that is long and often tortuous. Yet at the end of the day, science is empirical, and our finest theories must be grounded, somehow, “in reality.” But where is reality? Is it in acts of observation of the world made by human and possibly non-human observers? In records stored in computer or laboratory notebooks? In some objective world “out there”? Or in a more abstract location?. THE GROUND OF REALITY. When a physicist performs an experiment, he or she interrogates nature and receives a response that, ultimately, is in the form of discrete bits of information (think of “yes” or “no” binary answers to specific questions), the discreteness implied by the underlying quantum nature of the universe (Zeilinger, 2004).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInformation and the Nature of Reality
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Physics to Metaphysics
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages27
ISBN (Electronic)9780511778759
ISBN (Print)9780521762250
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


Dive into the research topics of 'Universe from bit'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this