Understanding disordered particle packings is of great significance from both theoretical and engineering perspectives. Establishing a quantitative relationship between nonspherical particle shape and disordered packing properties is generally challenging, due to the complex geometry and topology. Here we resolve this issue by numerically investigating disordered jammed packings of various frictional congruent nonspherical particles, including superellipsoids and polyhedra, over a wide range of friction coefficients. We discover several universal packing characteristics across different particle shapes and frictions. In the infinite friction limit, the coordination numbers for all shapes approach the identical lower bound for jamming. The resulting “random loose packing” (RLP) state possesses minimal structural correlations, with the packing fraction as a simple monotonic decreasing function of the orientation-averaged excluded volume for different particle shapes. Packings with finite friction can then be understood via a perturbative approach based on RLP. The nature of RLP can be illuminated by the percolation transition of contacting particle network during the quasistatic densification process. Moreover, the large-scale density fluctuations for all jammed frictional packings are also strongly suppressed, broadening the previous claim of hyperuniformity for the frictionless ones.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Physics and Astronomy