Universal features of Lifshitz Green’s functions from holography

Cynthia Keeler, Gino Knodel, James T. Liu, Kai Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


We examine the behavior of the retarded Green’s function in theories with Lifshitz scaling symmetry, both through dual gravitational models and a direct field theory approach. In contrast with the case of a relativistic CFT, where the Green’s function is fixed (up to normalization) by symmetry, the generic Lifshitz Green’s function can a priori depend on an arbitrary function Gω^$$ \mathcal{G}\left(\widehat{\omega}\right) $$, where ω^=ω/k→z$$ \widehat{\omega}=\omega /{\left|\overrightarrow{k}\right|}^z $$ is the scale-invariant ratio of frequency to wavenumber, with dynamical exponent z. Nevertheless, we demonstrate that the imaginary part of the retarded Green’s function (i.e. the spectral function) of scalar operators is exponentially suppressed in a window of frequencies near zero. This behavior is universal in all Lifshitz theories without additional constraining symmetries. On the gravity side, this result is robust against higher derivative corrections, while on the field theory side we present two z = 2 examples where the exponential suppression arises from summing the perturbative expansion to infinite order.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number57
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 17 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • AdS-CFT Correspondence
  • Holography and condensed matter physics (AdS/CMT)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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