Unified Reciprocal Space Processing for Short-Range Active and Passive Imaging Systems

Aaron V. Diebold, Thomas Fromenteze, Ettien Kpré, Cyril Decroze, Mohammadreza F. Imani, David R. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Large scale sensing systems increasingly operate in short-range geometries, providing three-dimensional imaging capabilities that leverage the large number of degrees of freedom of distributed arrays. The two most powerful modes of operation include active, multiple-input multiple-output arrays, in which an image is processed from signals measured using different pairs of transmitting and receiving antennas; and passive, synthetic aperture interferometric radiometer arrays, which can image using ambient, non-cooperative radiation by processing signals measured at different receiving antenna pairs. In this paper, we explore the analogy between these two imaging modes, and outline a generalized framework for analyzing these systems in the array near field. Focusing on the similarities between the formalisms describing the operation of generic active and passive systems, it is proposed, to our knowledge for the first time in the scientific literature, to adapt a Fourier-based imaging technique optimized for short-range active MIMO systems to passive technologies, interrogating the emissivity of a spatially distributed target. The systematic method presented in this paper provides a framework for characterizing and optimizing short range coherent or incoherent systems used in threat detection and non-destructive testing applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)124-134
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation
StatePublished - 2022


  • Full matrix imaging
  • MIMO radar
  • SAIR
  • interferometers
  • multistatic radar
  • short-range imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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