Understanding HRM-firm performance linkages: The role of the "strength" of the HRM system

David E. Bowen, Cheri Ostroff

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    2117 Scopus citations


    Theory building has lagged on the intermediate linkages responsible for the relationship between HRM and firm performance. We introduce the construct "strength of the HRM system" and describe the metafeatures of an HRM system that result in a strong organizational climate, analogous to Mischel's "strong situation," in which individuals share a common interpretation of what behaviors are expected and rewarded. The strength of the HRM system can help explain how individual employee attributes accumulate to affect organizational effectiveness.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)203-221
    Number of pages19
    JournalAcademy of Management Review
    Issue number2
    StatePublished - Apr 2004

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General Business, Management and Accounting
    • Strategy and Management
    • Management of Technology and Innovation


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