Understanding factors related to nonsmoking intention among college students

Chanler Hilley, Sarah Lindstrom Johnson, Sherer Royce, Fredanna M’Cormack McGough

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Objective: While cigarette smoking in the United States has declined, the age range of smoking initiation has risen to include young adults. This study investigated the relationship of Theory of Planned Behavior constructs (TPB; attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control [PBC]) to nonsmoking intention among college students. Participants: Participants were 619 students at a Southeastern US university (69.8% female, 70.8% ≤ age 21, and 73.5% white). Methods: Students were recruited by email in March 2013 to participate in an online TPB-based questionnaire. Results: Future-oriented attitudes and PBC predicted higher nonsmoking intention; subjective norms did not. Moderator analyses indicated injunctive norms were more influential for occasional smokers and PBC was less influential. Conclusions: Findings suggest TPB is useful in predicting nonsmoking intention, but differentially for nonsmokers and occasional smokers. Future work should consider the health-related utility of future-oriented attitudes toward nonhealth domains and the differing beliefs of occasional smokers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)523-530
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of American College Health
Issue number6
StatePublished - Aug 18 2019


  • Future orientation
  • intention
  • nonsmoking
  • theory of planned behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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