Understanding droplet bridging in ionic liquid-based Pickering emulsions

Denzil S. Frost, Jared J. Schoepf, Elizabeth M. Nofen, Lenore Dai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


We have studied the unique bridging behavior of solid-stabilized oil-in-ionic liquid (IL) and water-in-ionic liquid emulsions with respect to particle concentration, particle size, and droplet phase using a confocal laser scanning microscope. The emulsions exhibited three morphology regimes: (1) single, sparingly covered droplets, (2) bridged clusters of droplets, and (3) fully covered droplets. The degree of bridging was directly proportional to the total potential bridging area which can be determined from the particle size and concentration. This type of emulsion diverges from much of the conventional wisdom of oil-water Pickering emulsions regarding the particle self-assembly onto droplet interfaces and liquid film stability. While the focus here is the bridging regime, we also report interesting observations, specifically, the deformed oil droplets and the transport of excess solid particles into the water droplets, in the fully covered droplet regime. The work identified new self-assembled particle structure and morphology in solid-stabilized emulsions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-109
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Colloid And Interface Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 1 2012


  • " Phase" diagram
  • Bridging
  • Ionic liquids
  • Pickering emulsions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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