Ultra-Low-Loss High-Contrast Gratings Based Spoof Surface Plasmonic Waveguide

Liangliang Liu, Zhuo Li, Bingzheng Xu, Changqing Gu, Xinlei Chen, Hengyi Sun, Yongjin Zhou, Quan Qing, Ping Shum, Yu Luo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


Large metallic losses and short propagation lengths associated with surface plasmons (SPs) have long been considered as the obstacles which severely limit the practical applications of surface plasmonic waveguides. In this paper, we introduce the concept of dielectric spoof SPs (SSPs) and show that subwavelength high-contrast gratings (HCGs) offer a route to effectively suppress the losses and hence dramatically increase the propagation length of surface electromagnetic waves. We experimentally realized a wideband ultra-low-loss high-confinement plasmonic waveguide constructed by a high refractive-index dielectric array with deep-subwavelength periodicity on a metal substrate. Simulation and measurement results on the near-field distributions and S-parameters at microwave frequencies provide explicit evidences of strong field localization and show excellent transmission efficiency of HCGs-based SSPs across a broad frequency band. More importantly, the propagation length of the HCGs-based SSPs is proved to be at least more than one order of magnitude larger than that of metallic gratings-based SSPs at the same or even higher level of field confinement. Thus, the SSPs as experimentally realized in this paper hold great promise for numerous practical applications in ultra-low-loss and long-range transmission SP devices and circuits and may open up new vistas in SP optics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7859392
Pages (from-to)2008-2018
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2017


  • Experimental realization
  • high-contrast gratings (HCGs)
  • spoof surface plasmonic waveguide
  • ultra-low-loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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