Two proving strategies of highly successful mathematics majors

Dov Zazkis, Keith Weber, Juan Pablo Mejía-Ramos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


We examined the proof-writing behaviors of six highly successful mathematics majors on novel proving tasks in calculus. We found two approaches that these students used to write proofs, which we termed the targeted strategy and the shotgun strategy. When using a targeted strategy students would develop a strong understanding of the statement they were proving, choose a plan based on this understanding, develop a graphical argument for why the statement is true, and formalize this graphical argument into a proof. When using a shotgun strategy, students would begin trying different proof plans immediately after reading the statement and would abandon a plan at the first sign of difficulty. The identification of these two strategies adds to the literature on proving by informing how elements of existing problem-solving models interrelate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-27
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Mathematical Behavior
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015


  • Problem-solving
  • Proof
  • Proving strategies
  • Undergraduate mathematics education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Applied Psychology
  • Applied Mathematics


Dive into the research topics of 'Two proving strategies of highly successful mathematics majors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this