Tuning Schottky diodes at the many-layer-graphene/semiconductor interface by doping

S. Tongay, T. Schumann, X. Miao, B. R. Appleton, A. F. Hebard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations


We report on the use of bromine intercalation of graphite to perform in situ tuning of the Schottky barrier height (SBH) formed at many-layer-graphene (MLG) semiconductor interfaces. The intercalation of Br into MLG simultaneously increases interlayer separation between the graphene planes, while at the same time giving rise to an increase (decrease) in the free hole carrier density (Fermi energy) because of the transfer of electrons from carbon to bromine. The associated increase in the graphite work function results in an increase of the SBH, as manifested by lower forward/reverse current densities and higher depletion capacitances. These results are quantitatively understood within the context of the Schottky-Mott model and thermionic emission theory. The presented results have important implications for sensing and high power applications as well as the integration of carbon into semiconductors and carbon/graphene electronics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2033-2038
Number of pages6
Issue number6
StatePublished - May 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)


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