Treadmill walking effects on grip strength in young men with Down syndrome

C. C J J Chen, Shannon Ringenbach, M. Snow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


This study was aimed at investigating the relation between grip strength and anthropometric factors and the impact of an aerobic exercise on grip strength in young men with Down syndrome (DS). This study was a pre-post design. Twelve males with DS were assigned to an exercise group, who walked using an incremental protocol on a treadmill for 20. min at aerobic levels. Eight additional persons with DS were assigned to an attentional control group, who watched a video. Measure of grip strength was tested pre- and post-interventions. The results showed positively significant relationship among grip strength and age (r= .74, p< .01), weight (r= .52, p= .02), body mass index (r= .61, p= .01) and waist circumference (r= .54, p= .02). In addition, Grip strength was slightly improved after exercise (p= .03) but decreased after control condition. The results showed that anthropometric factors, such as age, weight, body mass index and waist circumference, were positively correlated with grip strength in young men with DS. Further, improvement in grip strength can be found even after a single exercise session. This finding emphasizes the importance of maintaining an active lifestyle in persons with DS for performing activities of daily living.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)288-293
Number of pages6
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2014


  • Grip strength
  • Intellectual disabilities
  • Physical activity
  • Treadmill

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology


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