Traumatic Events and HIV Sexual Risk Behaviors Among Migrant and Non-Migrant Male Market Workers in Central Asia

Lynn Murphy Michalopoulos, Tina Jiwatram-Negron, Louisa Gilbert, Stacey A. Shaw, Alyssa Brelsford, Assel Terlikbayeva, Sholpan Primbetova, Nabila El-Bassel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


We examined potentially traumatic events (PTEs) and the relationship between PTEs and HIV risk behaviors among male market workers in Kazakhstan, comparing Kazakhstani to external migrants. Using respondent-driven sampling, participants were 1342 male marketplace workers in Almaty, Kazakhstan. Univariate, bivariate, and logistic regressions were conducted. We found high prevalence of PTEs among participants, and significant differences between PTEs and HIV risk by migrant status. Kazakhstanis reporting 1–2 or three-or-more traumatic events were more likely to report engaging in sex trading, compared to Kazakhstanis who reported no PTEs (OR = 3.65, CI 1.20–11.11, p = 0.022; OR = 8.17, 95% CI 2.66–25.09, p = 0.000, respectively). Kazakhstanis who reported three-or-more PTEs were more likely to report unprotected sex (OR = 2.17, CI 2.17–3.89, p = 0.009). Results did not support this relationship among external migrants. Findings underscore the need for attention on services that address trauma and HIV risk among this population and more research to understand differences by migrant status.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3480-3490
Number of pages11
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Central Asia
  • HIV sexual risk
  • Migration
  • Potentially traumatic events

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


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