Transplant center assessment of the inequity in the kidney transplant process and outcomes for the indigenous American patients

Mira T. Keddis, Amit Sharma, Muneeb Ilyas, Nan Zhang, Hasan Khamash, Scott J. Leischow, Raymond L. Heilman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Background The goal is to determine the delays and reduced rates of kidney transplant (KTx) for the Indigenous Americans and variables predictive of these outcomes at a large single transplant center. Methods 300 Indigenous Americans and 300 non-Hispanic white American patients presenting for KTx evaluation from 2012–2016 were studied. Results Compared to whites, the Indigenous Americans had the following: more diabetes, dialysis, physical limitation and worse socioeconomic characteristics(p<0.01); median difference of 20 day delay from referral to KTx evaluation, 17 day delay from approval to UNOS listing and 126.5 longer delay on the waitlist compared to whites(p<0.001). Of the Indigenous Americans listed, more died, were removed, or were still waiting than transplanted compared to whites (p<0.001). Variables predictive of delay from referral to transplant evaluation included: Indigenous race, distance from transplant center, coronary artery disease, and time on dialysis (p<0.05). Cumulative incidence of waitlisting and KTx was lower for Indigenous Americans (p<0.0001). Independent predictors of decreased likelihood of waitlisting included age, peripheral vascular disease, no caregiver, physical limitation, and illegal drug use history (p<0.05). Variables predictive of lower likelihood of KTx included Indigenous race, percentage of time inactive on the waitlist, no caregiver, and O blood type.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0207819
JournalPloS one
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
  • General


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