Trajectories of Family Management Practices and Early Adolescent Behavioral Outcomes

Ming Te Wang, Thomas J. Dishion, Elizabeth A. Stormshak, John B. Willett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Scopus citations


Stage-environment fit theory was used to examine the reciprocal lagged relations between family management practices and early adolescent problem behavior during the middle school years. In addition, the potential moderating roles of family structure and of gender were explored. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to describe patterns of growth in family management practices and adolescents' behavioral outcomes and to detect predictors of interindividual differences in initial status and rate of change. The sample comprised approximately 1,000 adolescents between ages 11 years and 15 years. The results indicated that adolescents' antisocial behaviors and substance use increased and their positive behavioral engagement decreased over time. As adolescent age increased, parental knowledge of their adolescent's activities decreased, as did parental rule making and support. The level and rate of change in family management and adolescent behavioral outcomes varied by family structure and by gender. Reciprocal longitudinal associations between parenting practices and adolescent problem behavior were found. Specifically, parenting practices predicted subsequent adolescent behavior, and adolescent behavior predicted subsequent parenting practices. In addition, parental warmth moderated the effects of parental knowledge and rule making on adolescent antisocial behavior and substance use over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1324-1341
Number of pages18
JournalDevelopmental psychology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2011


  • Antisocial behavior
  • Early adolescence
  • Family management
  • Parenting practices
  • Substance use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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