Three-dimensional wind retrieval: Application of MUSCAT to dual-Doppler lidar

Susanne Drechsel, Michel Chong, Georg J. Mayr, Martin Weissmann, Ronald Calhoun, Andreas Dörnback

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


During the field campaign of the Terrain-induced Rotor Experiment (T-REX) in the spring of 2006, Doppler lidar measurements were taken in the complex terrain of the Californian Owens Valley for six weeks. While fast three-dimensional (3D) wind analysis from measured radial wind components is well established for dual weather radars, only the feasibility was shown for dual-Doppler lidars. A computationally inexpensive, variational analysis method developed for multiple-Doppler radar measurements over complex terrain was applied. The general flow pattern of the 19 derived 3D wind fields is slightly smoothed in time and space because of lidar scan duration and analysis algorithm. The comparison of extracted wind profiles to profiles from radiosondes and wind profiler reveals differences of wind speed and direction of less than 1.1 m s-1 and 3°, on average, with standard deviations not exceeding 2.7 m s-1 and 27°, respectively. Standard velocity-azimuth display (VAD) retrieval method provided higher vertical resolution than the dual-Doppler retrieval, but no horizontal structure of the flow field. The authors suggest a simple way to obtain a good first guess for a dual-lidar scan strategy geared toward 3D wind retrieval that minimizes scan duration and maximizes spatial coverage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)635-646
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ocean Engineering
  • Atmospheric Science


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