Three-dimensional finite element study of wheel load interaction

J. Kim, Keith Hjelmstad, Q. H. Zuo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The structural behavior of an airfield pavement system under multiple heavy wheel loads is a big concern with the new generation of aircraft. Interactions between wheels are expected to be important because of the relatively small wheel spacing (145 cm for a B-777) and high tire pressures (1.5 MPa). Three-dimensional finite element analysis can help to understand the complex behavior of a pavement under multiple wheel loads. This paper is a case study in which we examine various loading patterns and positions with different material properties and interface conditions. The section studied is modeled after a section of the Denver International Airport. Comparisons of maximum bending stresses and displacements from different landing gear configurations (single, tandem, dual-tandem, and tri-tandem) are made. An edge loading case was found to be the most critical case with respect to maximum stresses and the amount of wheel load interaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Airfield Pavement Conference
Place of PublicationNew York, NY, United States
Number of pages13
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1997 Airfield Pavement Conference - Seattle, WA, USA
Duration: Aug 17 1997Aug 20 1997


OtherProceedings of the 1997 Airfield Pavement Conference
CitySeattle, WA, USA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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