Thermodynamics: Highs and lows in the density of water

Charles Angell

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Water contracts when it is cooled but, unlike other liquids, it then starts to expand at temperatures a few degrees above the melting point of ice. However, a new experimental study suggests that normal behaviour returns if the water is supercooled to low enough temperatures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)396-398
Number of pages3
JournalNature nanotechnology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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