Thermodynamic approach to physical properties of silicate melts

R. E. Aune, M. Hayashi, S. Sridhar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


The thermophysical properties of silicate melts are strongly structure dependent. It is well known that the viscosity of slags increases with increasing degree of polymerisation of the silicate anion. Even the thermodynamic properties of slags are dependent on the species type and population in the melt. Thus, a link between the thermophysical and thermochemical properties of silicate melts is logically expected. The present paper elucidates the salient features of Darken's excess stability approach to the Gibbs energy of solution as applied to the viscosities of silicate melts. It is demonstrated that the second derivatives of the viscosities of binary silicate melts with respect to composition indicate maxima corresponding to the existence of stable compounds in these systems. The concept has been successfully applied to the following systems: Al2O 33-SiO2, CaO-SiO2, FeO-SiO2, MgO-SiO2 and MnO-SiO2. In all cases, the second derivative plots of viscosities with respect to composition show peaks corresponding to the metasilicates. The second derivatives of the activation energies of viscous flow with respect to temperature have earlier been shown to reflect the formation of associates/embryos in homogeneous silicate melts, indicating the readiness of the melt to separate a solid phase. Thermodynamic coupling of thermal diffusivities in the case of the CaO-Al2O3- SiO2 system from laser flash measurements of these slags, as a function of temperature, has been examined as part of the present study. Densities have been estimated from integral molar enthalpies in the case of silicate systems, and the results are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-150
Number of pages10
JournalIronmaking and Steelmaking
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Activation energy
  • Density
  • Silicate melts
  • Thermal diffusivity
  • Viscosity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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