Thermal and force-chain effects in an experimental, sloping granular shear flow

David Jon Furbish, Mark Schmeeckle, Joshua J. Roering

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Force chains figure prominently in shearing motions of granular materials, inasmuch as these chains of load-bearing grains dominate resistance to motion. A simple scaling of the forces involved in the motion of a dry, gravity-driven granular shear flow induced by vibrations (see, e.g., Roering et al., 2001; Roering, 2004) suggests that this shearing motion reflects a balance between the rate of production and the rate of disruption of granular force chains. The rate of production of force chains is proportional to the rate of shear. The rate of disruption is proportional to the rate of shear as force chains 'age' during rotation, whence they become unstable and self-destruct. The rate of disruption is also proportional to the frequency and intensity of elastic waves, induced by acoustic vibrations, that propagate through the granular material and weaken force chains. The analysis is empirically consistent with the exponential-like profiles of grain displacement, and the strongly nonlinear increase in grain flux with increasing surface slope, observed in experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2108-2117
Number of pages10
JournalEarth Surface Processes and Landforms
Issue number13
StatePublished - 2008


  • Force chain
  • Granular flow
  • Sediment transport

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)


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