The revised self-leadership questionnaire:Testing a hierarchical factor structure for self-leadership

Jeffery D. Houghton, Christopher P. Neck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

256 Scopus citations


Despite the popularity and potential of self-leadership strategies in modern organizations, no acceptably valid and reliable self-leadership assessment scale has heretofore been developed. The present study tests the reliability and construct validity of a revised self-leadership measurement scale created on the basis of existing measures of self-leadership. Results from an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) demonstrate significantly better reliability and factor stability for the revised scale in comparison to existing instruments. Further, results from a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) utilizing structural equation modeling techniques demonstrate superior fit for a higher order factor model of self-leadership, thus providing evidence that the revised scale is measuring self-leadership in a way that is harmonious with self-leadership theory. Based on these results, the revised scale appears to be a reasonably reliable and valid instrument for the measurement of self-leadership skills, behaviors, and cognitions. Implications for future empirical self-leadership research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)672-691
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Managerial Psychology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Factor analysis
  • Leadership
  • Measurement
  • Models
  • Self-efficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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