The relations among cumulative risk, parenting, and behavior problems during early childhood

Christopher J. Trentacosta, Luke W. Hyde, Daniel S. Shaw, Thomas J. Dishion, Frances Gardner, Melvin Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

197 Scopus citations


Background: This study examined relations among cumulative risk, nurturant and involved parenting, and behavior problems across early childhood. Methods: Cumulative risk, parenting, and behavior problems were measured in a sample of low-income toddlers participating in a family-centered program to prevent conduct problems. Results: Path analysis was utilized to examine longitudinal relations among these constructs, with results supporting an indirect effect of cumulative risk on externalizing and internalizing problems through nurturant and involved parenting. Conclusion: Results highlight the importance of cumulative risk during early childhood, and particularly the effect that the level of contextual risk can have on the parenting context during this developmental period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1211-1219
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Behavior problems
  • Cumulative risk
  • Externalizing problems
  • Family functioning
  • Internalizing problems
  • Longitudinal studies
  • Parenting
  • Prevention
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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