The ratio of flexural strength to uniaxial tensile strength in bulk epoxy resin polymeric materials

Masoud Yekani Fard, B. Raji, Aditi Chattopadhyay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


The flexural behavior of epoxies was investigated by performing mechanical tests and applying statistical Weibull theory and analytical methods to the results. The effects of loading systems and environmental conditions were also considered. Three kinds of epoxies were studied: Epon E863, PRI 2002, and PR520. In total, 53 three-point-bending (3PB) Epon E863 samples and 26 3PB PR520 were tested immediately after curing, together with 26 four-point-bending (4PB) PRI2002 samples stored at 60°C and 90% Rh for 48 weeks. The Weibull parameters were estimated using both linear regression and the moments method. The statistical character of the Weibull model leads to uncertainty in the evaluated parameters, even for a large number of experiments. This study analyzed the ratio of flexural strength to tensile strength in bulk epoxy resin polymers. An analytical method previously developed by the authors to study the relationship between uniaxial tension/compression stress-strain curves and flexural load-deflection response was used to obtain the ratio. The results show that the Weibull model overpredicted the aforementioned ratio in different load arrangements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)156-162
Number of pages7
JournalPolymer Testing
StatePublished - Dec 2014


  • Analytical simulation
  • Epoxy resin
  • Experimental mechanics
  • Flexural strength
  • Nonlinear behavior
  • Weibull model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry


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