The race gap in support group participation by breast cancer survivors: Real or artifact?

Barret Michalec, Marieke Van Willigen, Kenneth Wilson, Ann Schreier, Susan Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Addressing methodological weaknesses of previous research, this study assesses whether African American women are, in fact, less likely to participate in breast cancer support groups than are White women. Of the breast cancer survivors, 958 (26% African Americans, 73% Caucasian) completed interviews concerning demographic characteristics, other support networks, effects of illness on home and spiritual life, and support group participation. Contrary to previous research, no race difference was found in support group participation. This research suggests more effort needs to be paid to sampling techniques and other methodological factors to adequately reflect the experiences and needs of breast cancer survivors, specifically African American women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-143
Number of pages21
JournalEvaluation Review
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Breast cancer
  • Psychooncology
  • Race
  • Social support
  • Support groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Social Sciences(all)


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