The Ni-converter–an historic perspective

Peter Rozelle, Seetharaman Sridhar, Paul B. Queneau, Shane Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


This paper discusses the converters for Ni separation, from a historic perspective and with concern as to current needs. The historic development of converter processes, starting from Bessemer to modern processes, is covered and the thermodynamic fundamentals of Ni converter reactions are briefly described. Environmental and recycling challenges are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)125-133
Number of pages9
JournalMineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy: Transactions of the Institute of Mining and Metallurgy
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Apr 3 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • alternative processes
  • Ni-converter processes Peirce Smith converter
  • offgas
  • pre-dominance diagrams
  • recycling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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